The history of Split is rich and overwhelming to fit in a few sentences. Although there were Greek settlements in the area of Split before, the emperor Diocletian, who started building a magnificent imperial palace of about 30,000 square meters in the peninsula near the great city of Salona in 293 AD, should be considered the first inhabitant and founder of Split. He retired in the palace when he left the Roman imperial throne.
Today’s city of Zagreb grew out of two medieval settlements, called Gradec and Kaptol, that developed over two neighboring hills for centuries. The first written mention of Zagreb dates from 1094 when the diocese was established at Kaptol, while neighboring Gradec was proclaimed a free royal city in 1242. Both of these settlements were surrounded by solid ramparts and towers, the remains of which have been preserved to this day.